Babies babble before they can talk

So will I too…

First things we notice are those that attract our attention.
Those things that we notice, are things we end up being focused-on. As such those are what is given.

The things might be simple as patch of color, or being complex as animal, or bunch of animals. Of course the notions of simple and complex as used here, are not given in the perception, I just use them here to say that what we usually consider complex, or what we usually consider simple might both as well attract our attention.

Those things that attract our attention, are the first things that can be targets of our intentionality. They can further be seen as existing things in the world, which we are looking at, thinking about, listening to, etc… I’m mentioning this, because there must be always some kind of relation between subject and the other thing (though the relation is not seen as a grounding neither the subject, not the thing). In such ways, we always recognize the thing through one of those relations, but that the thing can be seen or recognized by us is seen as incidental to its being.

The thing on which we are focused, is the given which is result of the focus, and as gestalt is somehow, even if that somehow isn’t determined abstractly. That is true when you are focusing on some color, and can’t find any way to abstractly further determine it, (yet it is still somehow – it is a quale), but is also true for looking at some animal (e.g. chicken). It is je ne sais quoi (I don’t know what).

For sure the gestalt principle in perception is not exception but rule, it can be seen everywhere… Maybe examples are most easily pointed in music, where you don’t have to notice the individual notes, nor instruments that are playing, nor beats on the drums, but still there is that particular song, it is somehow.

This things that attract our attention, and that are somehow, later might be recognized.
That is, when other time something attracts our attention, it might be recognized by us as either same or different, even we don’t determine it abstractly. Recognition consist of feeling of familiarity  with the object (already seen/déjà vu), and possibly memories of where that thing was seen. (Here the things are seen from epistemological point, the question if that is really the same thing is separate question)

Repeated recognition can produce expecting of the thing, and reduces the feeling of familiarity. Expectation reduces the attention, and what is left is only the “abstracted from” in its place. It becomes a thing that we don’t think of.